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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-55

Single institution experience with esophageal atresia over 9 years with a review of literature: Where do we stand?

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Nandini Kaul Bedi
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Christian Medical College Hospital, Brown Road, Ludhiana . 141 008, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_16_19

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Aim: We have conducted a study of the clinical profile of esophageal atresia (OA) at our institution over a period of 9 years with an aim toward improving our results. We have attempted to find the significant indicators of mortality to be able to focus on improving the survival of these patients in future. To achieve this end, we applied the Waterston's prognostic classification and the Spitz' prognostic criteria to our patients and studied the effects of each variable independently as a cause of mortality. We have also compared the two prognostic criteria to see, which has more significance for us at our institution. Materials and Methods: Over a period of 9 years, from 2006 to 2014, 73 neonates were treated for OA at our institute. There were 27 mortalities. We analyzed our results using the Waterston and the Spitz criteria and studied each independent variable within the two prognostic classifications for the more highly significant cause of mortality. The variables considered as significant indicators of mortality were low birth weight (LBW), pneumonia, associated congenital heart disease (CHD), other associated anomalies, and very LBW. Results: The Waterston prognostic classification was very highly significant (P < 0.0005) as an indicator of prognosis in this study. The two most significant variables affecting survival were LBW, as described by Waterston (P = 0.005) and the association of major CHD (P = 0.006). We had 63% survival and none below the birth weight of 1.8 kg. Conclusion: The study clearly points out that LBW is a highly significant indicator of prognosis followed by the association of major CHD. Waterston's risk classification continues to be a highly significant indicator of prognosis. Further studies are required to assess the combined effects of more than one variable on babies with OA.

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