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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 224

Smoking: A different perspective

Bachelor of Dental Surgery, Pine Castle, Near Mist Chamber, Khalini, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication13-Jul-2017

Correspondence Address:
Shveta Chauhan
Bachelor of Dental Surgery, Pine Castle, Near Mist Chamber, Khalini, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_13_17

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How to cite this article:
Chauhan S. Smoking: A different perspective. CHRISMED J Health Res 2017;4:224

How to cite this URL:
Chauhan S. Smoking: A different perspective. CHRISMED J Health Res [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Aug 11];4:224. Available from: https://www.cjhr.org/text.asp?2017/4/3/224/210480


We read with great interest the excellent article by Jena and Purohit.[1] We applaud the authors on discussing the challenges but would like to make interesting contributions which are often missed in manuscripts related to smoking. The authors in their introduction have discussed various diseases associated with smoking, but two important aspects have been ignored, i.e., ocular and oral system.

Various ocular diseases are caused by smoking. These are nuclear cataract, age-related macular degeneration, retinal ischemia, anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, Graves' ophthalmopathy,[2] idiopathic ophthalmoplegia,[3] and tobacco amblyopia [4] to name a few. If the oral cavity is taken into account, then decrease in alveolar bone density, periodontitis, implant failure, gingival pigmentation, tooth decay, tooth loss, and delayed tooth development are seen.[5]

Regretfully, most of the health institutes do not focus on the ocular and oral examination in such cases. Adequate knowledge needs to be shared on all aspects of ocular involvement in smokers.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Jena SK, Purohit KC. Smoking status and its effect on blood pressure: A study on medical students. CHRISMED J Health Res 2017;4:14-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
Moradi P, Thornton J, Edwards R, Harrison RA, Washington SJ, Kelly SP. Teenagers' perceptions of blindness related to smoking: A novel message to a vulnerable group. Br J Ophthalmol 2007;91:605-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
Hoffmann A, Barth A, Perthel U, Steffen HM, Brunner R, Allolio B. Vascular risk factors in patients with ophthalmoplegia. Med Klin (Munich) 1990;85:459-62.  Back to cited text no. 3
Rizzo JF 3rd, Lessell S. Tobacco amblyopia. Am J Ophthalmol 1993;116:84-7.  Back to cited text no. 4
Moravej-Salehi E, Moravej-Salehi E, Hajifattahi F. Passive smoking: Oral and dental effects. Iran J Public Health 2015;44:600-1.  Back to cited text no. 5


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