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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-94

Epidemiological profile of seropositive blood donors at a tertiary care hospital in North India

1 Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Jency Maria Koshy
Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College Ludhiana, Ludhiana - 141 008, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2348-3334.134268

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Background: Transfusion-transmissible infections HIV, HBV, and HCV are among the greatest threats to blood safety for transfusion recipients. Seroprevalence among blood donors is a useful source of information on their prevalence in the community. The present study was undertaken to determine the profile of the seropositive blood donors attending the blood bank at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab. Materials and Methods: This was a 3-year cross-sectional study, (1 st January 2008 till 31 st December 2010) whereby the data of the blood donors screened during this time were analyzed. We further studied the epidemiological profile of the seropositive donors. Results: There were a total of 32,829 donations. Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, and HCV were 0.27%, 1.11% and 1.53%, respectively. Most of them were males (96.76%) and were in the age group of 18-30 years. Replacement donors constituted 95.75%. Occupation of seropositive donors included business, various services, and agriculture. There were 89 students who were seropositive. Conclusions: Seroprevalence among blood donors has shown a significant (P value for HIV 0.05, HBV < 0.001, HCV 0.004) decreasing trend over the 3 years. The professional distribution reveals the shift in seroprevalence from the high-risk group to the general population. Introducing pre test and post test counselling in blood banks will identify patients at an earlier stage where treatment would be more effective. The need to shift the burden to voluntary blood donation cannot be overemphasised.

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