|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 78-79
The role of health-care professionals in controlling the spread of zika virus in India
Akshay Parihar1, Brian Heng2, Isha Patel2
1 Bhupal Nobles Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Administration and Research, Marshall University School of Pharmacy, Huntington, WV, USA
|Date of Submission||11-Jun-2019|
|Date of Decision||04-Nov-2019|
|Date of Acceptance||22-Nov-2019|
|Date of Web Publication||19-Jun-2020|
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Administration and Research, Marshall University School of Pharmacy, Huntington, WV
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Parihar A, Heng B, Patel I. The role of health-care professionals in controlling the spread of zika virus in India. CHRISMED J Health Res 2020;7:78-9
|How to cite this URL:|
Parihar A, Heng B, Patel I. The role of health-care professionals in controlling the spread of zika virus in India. CHRISMED J Health Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 8];7:78-9. Available from: http://www.cjhr.org/text.asp?2020/7/1/78/286889
The Zika virus (ZIKV) has continued to pose a threat to many subtropical and tropical countries such as India. The ZIKV is a single-stranded RNA virus and is transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito; however, studies have shown that it can be passed through humans by sexual transmission and from mother to fetus. Transmission of ZIKV has been reported from sexually active men affected by ZIKV, where it has been found that ZIKV can potentially survive and be transmitted in semen. The virus can manifest as acute febrile illness, neurologic complications, and birth defects. Acute febrile illness may present as rash, fever, arthritis, nonpurulent conjunctivitis, myalgia, headache, retro-orbital pain, edema, and vomiting. Neonates may be affected by microcephaly – a condition where neonates will have an abnormally small head.
After the outbreak of Zika in Rajasthan in 2018, the state and the union government had promptly responded by dispatching a high-level central team consisting of seven members and deployed it to Jaipur to assist with containment measures. A control room at the National Center for Disease Control was activated to monitor the situation. Infected areas were being split into eight zones with individual teams consisting of various doctors, health officials, social workers to aid with the outbreak. A door-to-door survey was being performed to screen and spread awareness about Zika. According to the Indian Health Ministry, a total of 434,515 people were screened and around 86,903 houses were checked for the presence of infection. Of 200,000 breeding sites, around 74,483 were found to be tested positive for the virus. To cover the affected areas, the resources were diverted to examine potholes and to clean standing water around school and hospitals. The Indian government had allocated $2000 to counter the outbreak for public awareness and fogging efforts.
There is currently no treatment available for the ZIKV infection; however, health-care professionals such as pharmacists and nursing staff can help control the spread of the disease by educating the public on preventative measures as well as signs and symptoms if affected. Everyone is encouraged to use mosquito bed nets, wear full sleeve clothes, and use repellents and it is recommended to check for stagnant water as well as installing screens on windows and doors. Health professionals should advise pregnant women from traveling to affected areas to prevent the spread. Pharmacists are required to evolve for their roles and responsibilities in the changing health-care environment with advanced patient health needs. They conduct progress evaluations and suggest measures to help control the viral spread. The government and health-care providers should design educational campaigns with special emphasis in rural areas to provide information to the patients.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Faria NR, Azevedo RD, Kraemer MU, Souza R, Cunha MS, Hill SC, et al
. Zika virus in the Americas: Early epidemiological and genetic findings. Science 2016;352:345-9.
Rather IA, Kumar S, Bajpai VK, Lim J, Park YH. Prevention and Control Strategies to Counter ZIKA Epidemic. National Center for Biotecchnology Information, PMC, US National Library of Medicine. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5328966/
. [Last assessed on 2019 Jan 15].
Leonhard SE, Lant S, Jacobs BC, Wilder-Smith A, Ferreira ML, Solomon T, et al
. Zika virus infection in the returning traveller: What every neurologist should know. Pract Neurol 2018;18:271-7.