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EDITORIAL
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-90

Anatomy: The foundation for medical science


Department of Anatomy, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Date of Web Publication9-Apr-2018

Correspondence Address:
Anjali Jain
Department of Anatomy, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_41_18

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How to cite this article:
Jain A. Anatomy: The foundation for medical science. CHRISMED J Health Res 2018;5:89-90

How to cite this URL:
Jain A. Anatomy: The foundation for medical science. CHRISMED J Health Res [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Jul 22];5:89-90. Available from: http://www.cjhr.org/text.asp?2018/5/2/89/229587



Anatomy has always been the cornerstone in the field of medicine. The study of anatomy dates back to the Ancient Greeks. The first use of human cadavers for anatomical research occurred in the 4th century BC when Herophilos and Erasistratus gained permission to perform dissections on criminals in Alexandria. Herophilos was the first physician to dissect human bodies and is considered to be the founder of anatomy. Andreas Vesalius is the father of modern anatomy.

Knowledge of the human anatomy in terms of gross, microscopic radiological, surface marking, and genetics forms the basis to the understanding of normal body functions and to understand the pathology behind all the diseases. Embryology is fundamental to the study of various malformations. It can be said that an understanding of anatomy is the key to the practice of medicine.

A study of anatomy has traditionally been dependent on dissection, but now with the advancement of imaging technology, it is possible to study the structure of human body even without dissection. In today's world, there has been an emergence of new techniques such as endoscopy, laparoscopy, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The emergence of these sophisticated imaging techniques has been accompanied by the development of minimally invasive therapy targeted to specific organs. As a result, knowledge of gross anatomy has become increasingly important to clinicians not only to interpret the images that are produced by these sophisticated techniques but also to understand the pathway for targeting therapy to a specific site.

For a student in his clinical years, knowledge of gross human anatomy is necessary for clinical examination and to improve their ability in interpreting the new diagnostic and therapeutic image techniques. Earlier anatomy teaching was very much descriptive and the importance to clinical relevance was less. But now due to changes in medical education and curriculum, a lot of attention is being given to the teaching of relevant clinical anatomy so as to develop the problem-solving skills of students.

Some interesting articles have found place in this issue which has been dedicated to anatomy.

There is a review article on dermatoglyphics. It has always been a subject of interest for anatomists and forensic experts because of its clinical importance. The author in her article mentions that it can strengthen the diagnosis of not only genetic disorders but also the disorders such as congenital heart diseases, psoriasis, cerebral palsy, and rubella. The author has mentioned that during development, various creases develop on the brain and are reflected on fingerprints representing various regions of the brain and are commonly being used in dermatoglyphics mental intelligence test.

Another review article is on tubercle of Zuckerkandl. It is the posterior or posterolateral extension of the thyroid gland. Recurrent laryngeal nerve is related to this tubercle. When present, it is a useful guide for locating, dissecting, and preserving recurrent laryngeal nerve. Author has mentioned that its prevalence in cadaveric studies is higher than in surgical studies.

An article elaborates that prosthodontic rehabilitation aims to achieve the best possible facial esthetic appearance for a patient. Attaining facial symmetry forms the basic element for esthetics, and knowledge of the midline of face will result in a better understanding of dentofacial esthetics. Currently, there are no guidelines that direct the choice of specific anatomic landmarks to determine the midline of the face or mouth. The purpose of the study is to digitally determine the relationship of facial landmarks with midline of face and formulate a guide.

A study on hyoid bone mentions that hyoid bone fracture is one of the most integral parts of internal examination during autopsy of hanging, ligature strangulation, or a throttling case. Thirty dried hyoid bones were studied. Forty percent of the hyoids bones were found to be symmetrical while 60% were asymmetrical.

There is a case report on persistent sciatic artery aneurysm. Persistent sciatic artery is a rare but pertinent clinical entity that may pose a threat to the viability of the lower extremity. The incidence of persistent sciatic artery has been estimated to be between 0.01% and 0.05%.

In conclusion, it can be stated that anatomy and research complement each other as daily an anatomist is exposed to amazing variations which paves the way to challenging research. It can be said that research is a necessity to improve health standards worldwide and when applied, it can lead to effective health programs. It fills the lacunas in our knowledge about various untouched aspects in the field of medicine.






 

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