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MISSION HOSPITAL SECTION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-148

Sensitizing health-care workers and trainees to create a nondiscriminatory health-care environment for surgical care of HIV-Infected patients


1 Department of Orthopaedics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
3 Department of Anaesthesiologist and Intensive Care, Vrinnevi Hospital, Norrkoping, Sweden
4 Orthopedic Department, Lillebaelt Hospital, Kolding, Denmark
5 Emergency Department, Regional Hospital North Jutland, Bispensgade 37, 9800 Hjorring, Hjorring, Denmark

Correspondence Address:
Deeptiman James
Department of Orthopaedics, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_98_17

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Background: Occupational risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission creates barriers in the surgical health care of patients with HIV infection. Poor awareness, prevalent misconceptions, and associated stigma lead to discrimination against HIV-infected patients. This study was carried out to assess effectiveness of a “HIV awareness program” (HAP) to educate and motivate health-care workers to provide equitable and ethical health care to HIV-infected patients. Methodology: An interventional study was conducted at a secondary level mission hospital in Central India from April 2014 to August 2015. Change in knowledge, awareness, and attitude following a multimedia “HAP” was analyzed with a “pre- and posttest design.” Seventy-four staffs and trainees participated in the program. Z-test and t-test were used to check the statistical significance of the data. Results: The mean pretest score was 19.31 (standard deviation [SD]: 6.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 17.923–20.697) and the mean posttest score was 30.84 (SD: 4.8, 95% CI: 29.714–31.966). This difference was statistically significant at the 5% level with P < 0.001. Conclusions: “HAP” was effective in changing the knowledge, awareness, and attitude of the staffs and trainees of the secondary hospital toward surgical care of HIV-infected patients.


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