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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 253-258

Hemophilia treatment center: A stratification model for developing countries: A pilot study from India

1 Department of Clinical Haematology, Haemato-Oncology and Bone Marrow (Stem Cell) Transplantation, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3 Haemophilia Treatment Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Correspondence Address:
M Joseph John
Department of Clinical Haematology, Haemato-Oncology and Bone Marrow (Stem Cell) Transplantation, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana -141 008, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_39_17

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Background: Hemophilia center, treatment center (TC), hemophilia TC (HTC), and Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Center (CCC) are terminologies used to describe centers caring for persons with hemophilia (PWH). These are based on their capability to provide multidisciplinary care and laboratory services. Widely described are the European HTCs (EHTCs) and the European Hemophilia CCCs (EHCCCs). However, most centers in developing countries providing care for PWH have variable clinical expertise and laboratory facilities, which do not qualify for the existing models. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done to evaluate the laboratory and clinical care facilities available in HTCs in India. The survey questionnaire was sent to 62 HTCs in India. Laboratory and clinical care facilities were categorized based on a predefined stratification model. Level IV being the minimum and Level I the maximum were used to define clinical and laboratory facilities. Results: Fifty-two (85%) centers responded representing 17 states in India. Only 28 HTCs had attached laboratory services. Although all the centers cared for acute bleeds, only half managed chronic joint disease (Level III) while one-sixth could perform surgeries (Level II). Only one-third of the laboratories had instituted quality control measures and performed factor assays. Only four centers qualified for EHTC criteria and two for the EHCCC criteria. Conclusion: This HTC stratification model provides assessment and differentiation of the clinical and laboratory services. It allows an individual HTC to identify the standard of care and provides a framework for objectively planning, implementing, and evaluating its services.

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