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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-75

Insight into nicotine addiction


1 Senior Development Editor, Wolters Kluwer Health, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Senior Assistant Editor, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, New Delhi, India
3 Post Graduate Student, SGT Dental College, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sahil Handa
House Number - 476 A, Sector 37, Faridabad - 121 003, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2348-3334.201993

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The emergence of the epidemic of nicotine addiction in India and other nations is a global public health tragedy of untoward proportions. Smoking or chewing tobacco can seriously affect general, as well as oral health. Smoking-caused disease is a consequence of exposure to toxins in tobacco smoke and addiction to nicotine is the proximate cause of these diseases. This article focuses on nicotine as a determinant of addiction to tobacco and the pharmacologic effects of nicotine that sustain cigarette smoking. The pharmacologic reasons for nicotine use are an enhancement of mood, either directly or through relief of withdrawal symptoms and augmentation of mental or physical functions. Tobacco cessation is necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality related to tobacco use. Strategies for tobacco cessation involves 5A's and 5R's approach and pharmacotherapy. Dental professionals play an important role in helping patients to quit tobacco at the community and national levels, to promote tobacco prevention and control nicotine addiction. Dentists are in a unique position to educate and motivate patients concerning the hazards of tobacco to their oral and systemic health, and to provide intervention programs as a part of routine patient care.


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