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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 191-196

A study of prescribing pattern, comorbidities, and cost analysis in elderly hospitalized patients in Pune


Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Asawari Raut
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Erandwane, Pune - 411 038, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2348-3334.183739

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Aim: To study prescribing pattern, comorbidities, and cost analysis in elderly hospitalized patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted to assess the prescribing pattern, drug utilization, and cost analysis in elderly patients at a tertiary care hospital in Pune. Data of 120 patients were used to carry out the analysis. Result: A total of 120 elderly inpatients were included in the study. Of these 120 patients, 62 were male and 58 were female; among them, maximum number of patients belong to 60-74 years age group. Common comorbidities found were anemia, lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), urinary tract infection, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, etc. Mostly hospitalized patients were hypertensive (27.5%), diabetic (18.33%), and anemic (15.83%) followed by respiratory tract infections such as pulmonary Koch's, pneumonia, and LRTI. Two comorbid conditions were found in 33.33% of patients followed by 25% with one comorbid condition and 24.16% had three comorbid conditions; on an average, three comorbidities were found in a total number of patients. Major classes of drugs prescribed for treatment were cardiovascular drugs (22.60%), antibiotic (20.13%), antiplatelet (7.26%), and antidiabetic drugs (6.43%). The average cost per patient was calculated 5016.48 international normalized ratio, which includes physician, nursing, bed charges, and therapy cost. Conclusion: This study concludes that the prescribing pattern of elderly patients with age group 60-74 years were commonly prescribed for cardiovascular drugs and antibiotic, whereas this proportion was low compared to patients with age >74 years and prescribing pattern also resulted in financial burden on patients healthcare cost.


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